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eBook Darwin - Marx - Wagner - Critique of a Heritage epub

by Jacques Barzun

eBook Darwin - Marx - Wagner - Critique of a Heritage epub
  • ISBN: 1406761788
  • Author: Jacques Barzun
  • Genre: Biographies
  • Language: English
  • Publisher: Barzun Press; 2 edition (March 15, 2007)
  • Pages: 390 pages
  • ePUB size: 1416 kb
  • FB2 size 1534 kb
  • Formats lrf azw lit rtf


1941 Darwin, Marx, Wagner: Critique of a Heritage. ISBN 978-1-4067-6178-8. 1943 Romanticism and the Modern Ego.

The American Philosophical Society honors Barzun with its Jacques Barzun Prize in Cultural History, awarded annually since 1993 to the author of a recent distinguished work of cultural history. 1941 Darwin, Marx, Wagner: Critique of a Heritage. Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1943.

Jacques Barzun's book was first published first in 1941, which is almost the moment the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis came into being and made the expression of Darwin doubts or criticism such as are manifest here virtually impossible in a university humanist.

Darwin, Marx, Wagner book. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Start by marking Darwin, Marx, Wagner: Critique of a Heritage as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read.

Book Source: Digital Library of India Item 2015. author: Jacques Barzun d. ate. holder: Jacques Barzun. te: 2003-11-18 d. citation: 1941 d. dentifier: RMSC, IIIT-H d. dentifier. origpath: 87 d.

But "Critique of a Heritage," though it doesn't mention Freud too often, can be weirdly holistic and psychological, even hopeful.

Barzun also pauses to consider other evolutionary theories that predated Darwin and to consider some of and exactly what separated Darwin from these, which is pretty instructive for anyone concerned with the history of ideas. Critique of a Heritiage" is, in a sense, broad-strokes intellectual history, an attempt to figure out how a few great ideas shaped a century's worth of history, and a reminder that even great ideas have their limits and misuses. But "Critique of a Heritage," though it doesn't mention Freud too often, can be weirdly holistic and psychological, even hopeful.

Darwin Marx Wagner Critique of a Heritage. A Company of Readers : Uncollected Writings of W. H. Auden, Jacques Barzun, and Lionel Trilling from the Reader's Subscription and Mid-Century Book Clubs. God's Country and Mine: A Declaration of Love Spiced with a Few Harsh Words. Lincoln: The Literary Genius. Jacques Barzun, Lionel Trilling, .

Jacques Barzun was born in Créteil, France on November 30, 1907. 1443729892, 9781443729895. He came to the United States in 1920 and graduated magna cum laude from Columbia University in 1927. His works include Darwin, Marx and Wagner: Critique of a Heritage; Romanticism and the Modern Ego; The House of Intellect; Race: A Study in Superstition; Simple and Direct: A Rhetoric for Writers; A Stroll with William James; The Culture We Deserve; and From Dawn to Decadence.

Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. Download (pdf, 2. 4 Mb) Donate Read.

Similar books and articles. Darwin, Marx, and Wagner a Symposium. Darwin and Wagner: Evolution and Aesthetic Appreciation. stergaard - 2011 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 45 (2):83-108. Darwin by Adrian Desmond; James Moore; Charles Darwin: The Man and His Influence by Peter J. Bowler; One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought by Ernst Mayr; Darwin in Italy: Science Across Cultural Frontiers by Giuliano Pancaldi; Ruey Brodine Morelli; Charles Darwin's Marginalia.

Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
Comments: (7)
Zeks Horde
Barzan here is analysing the reason Darwinism was loved. He comments that 'natural selection' is a fact. It clearly causes adaptation in species amoug characteristics available. However, the unresolved issue is how a species can create new things to select, which are not available, and then preserve by 'natural selection'. Nothing can be selected if it is not present.

Barzan explains that deeper causes than just technical 'scientific' reasoning produced devotion to Darwinism. Such as the following (page 100):
"It soon became the gospel of those who trusted, with a new messianic faith akin to Marx's, that from violence and death in the sacrifice of man, better man and a better life would involve.

Looking back on that troubled period one can only pity the blindness and bewail the misdirected faith. . . Bitter though the creed of Darwinism was, it gave, as we have seen, some genuine satisfactions, noble or ignoble, to many kinds of people:

First, it extended the hypothesis of matter in motion into the last room of scientific inquiry namely, life;

Second, it offered a universal rule for tracing the history of all things, namely evolution;

Third, it provided an absolute test of value-survival-which could be applied as readily in nature is in society;

Fourth, it seemed to indicate and perfect the speculations of a host of previous thinkers, from Buffon and Lamarck to Comte and Erasmus Darwin, taking in on the way the German philosophers, the French naturalists, and the romantic poets of all countries;

Fifth, It was well adapted the economic, and later the political, purposes of important groups and each nation;

Sixth, it explained by phrases whose meaning lay within the intelligence of all how, without taking thought, adaptation and improvement occurred;

Seventh, replaced various philosophies and theologies couched in poetic terms by a scientifically worded account of origins, which rested on the more "rational" and "credible" notion of small doses adding up through the ages;

Eighth, it's surrendered to a new, active, and intelligent class-the scientists-the difficult problem of morality, feeling, and spirit. The age old conflicts of philosophy and life were solved-at least for a time-by denying their real existence and substituting automata for men;

Ninth and last, the Darwinian orthodoxy provided a rallying point for all factions, and parties that desired a better world along the lines of their own infallible prophecies."

None of these reasons are from the observed world, they are reasons from the observer.

Page 122: "Make some assumptions about heredity and gradual change, speak of natural selection and survival of the fittest, gathering many facts in support of your hypothesis - and the whole universe seems to respond by "Proving" or "Verifying" it. But let someone question an initial assumption or stick stubbornly to some discrepant fact, and sooner or later the whole edifice is turned topsy-turvy. Natural selection becomes a factor of stability and not of change."

Why then is Darwinism so loved?
Page 123: "This essentially philosophical revolution, I say, did not reach the great public. . . Writers on the scientific subjects continued to preach the plausible doctrine that science is merely organized common sense; from which it followed that any questioning of definitions, any tendency to distinguish between the matter we see, hear, feel, touch, smell, and the hypothetical matter of the physicists atom, should be viewed with suspicious contempt. Matter being whatever is out there, it is also the cause of what we feel, hear, touch, and so on. This belief was right, indispensable, "natural". The positivism of Comte and Huxley, thoroughly absorbed, but without their later doubts, meant just that. To trust it was scientific; to doubt it, "metaphysical". As one that Darwinist admirably put it, those who do not believe in matter must be perpetually weeded out of existence through the operation of natural selection."

Not the consensus. However, I don't think Barzan can just be ignored with impunity. He is erudite, sincere and has meditated on the deepest source of these ideas. Should be carefully considered.

Barzan is making an argument similar to Lecky in "Rise of rationalism in Europe" (1865). The introduction says, "The process of reasoning is much more difficult than is commonly supposed; and that to those who would investigate the causes of existing opinions, the study of pre-dispositions is much more important than the study of arguments." Pascal famously expressed, "The heart has reasons not the mind does not know." Very difficult to identify the preconceived ideas that direct thinking.

This review is just on the first third of the book on Darwin. He also covers Marx and Wagner.
Very Old Chap
Extremely well written in my opinion. Barzun's style of writing reminded me of listening to a first class series of lectures about the three men. His final chapters are steeped with wisdom of one who sees the world as it is. This is not a book for those just looking for entertaining reading.
Celen
I reviewed this classic several years ago, but am now including it in my series of Darwin critiques:
As part of a series of reviews in the ISPD project (In Search of Post-Darwinists) at Darwiniana blog, I am reviewing this book because it is a critique of Darwinism. Given five stars because the author had the nerve to challenge Darwin they may nonetheless deserve careful reading.//8/4/12

Jacques Barzun's book was first published first in 1941, which is almost the moment the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis came into being and made the expression of Darwin doubts or criticism such as are manifest here virtually impossible in a university humanist. And yet sixty years later, at a time when Ernst Mayr, one of the original 'synthesizers' can unrepentantly produce his "What Evolution Is", Barzun's critique reads as insultingly fresh as the day it was written, with a putdownish suggestion that Darwin wasn't too swift. The Darwin propaganda machine has almost made thinking obtuse here, and Creationist red-herrings can be as reprehensible. The Darwin debate has left everyone befuddled, and this essay on Darwin (and Marx), agree or not, shows a clarity that is unusual.
His work seems out of place now for a man who was prominent in a major university, but if one reads Bowler's The Eclipse of Darwinism, describing the waning of Darwinism at the turn of the century, it will perhaps evoke the perspective that Barzun still reflects in this book. (In fact, the same can be said of the Marx essay, which reflects the Marx debate, perspectives almost forgotten after the Bolshevik revolution). In fact, even by the late 1860's Darwin himself knew he was in trouble with natural selection.
It is noteworthy how little science Barzun discusses, which makes the book suspect for some, or certainly open to challenge. But in reality it bespeaks a certain clarity that has been lost, and which was clearly present in the decades of the appearance of Darwin's book, when even many of Darwin's supporters, even Huxley, realized they had a hypothesis to deal with, not a certain dogma.
The quote below is as cogent for the current Darwin debate as it was originally. Note how little anything changes.

"Some obviously feared that ifnatural selection were discarded evolution would be endangered. They thought the twotheories inseparable and foresaw a rebirth of superstition. But dropping natural selectionleaves the evidence for evolution untouched. It was not even a question of droppingnatural selection, for natural selection is an observed fact. It was a question of seeing--as Darwin came to see--that selection occurs after the useful change has come into being... "
Winn
Being used as an accompaniment to a meeting discussing the contents of the book.
Coiron
This is a fine book. I explains how our Western Civilization got to today's state of uproar, and does this clarification with precision and wit.
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