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A: Court challenges to drug testing programs in private workplaces are underway throughout the country
A: Court challenges to drug testing programs in private workplaces are underway throughout the country. These lawsuits involve state constitutional and statutory laws rather than federal constitutional law. Some are based on common law actions that charge specific, intentional injuries; others are breach of contract claims. Traditionally, employers in the private sector have extremely broad discretion in personnel matters. In most states, private sector employees have virtually no protection against drug testing's intrusion on their privacy, unless they belong to a union that has negotiated the prohibition or restriction of workplace testing.
Drug testing began to take place in the mid 1960 s when drugs like Marijuana, hallucinogens .
Drug testing began to take place in the mid 1960 s when drugs like Marijuana, hallucinogens and other drugs were becoming widespread (Stencel, pp. 201). The military implemented mandatory drug testing because of the widespread use and the number of Vets that were returning home because of addiction. In addition to the bill, Reagan instructed his cabinet officers to create a plan to begin drug testing for federal civil employees (Berger, 14). 2 pages, 935 words. The Essay on Drug Testing Is Illegal.
Drug-testing programs seek to provide an objective basis for mandatory employee referral to treatment programs .
Drug-testing programs seek to provide an objective basis for mandatory employee referral to treatment programs, prevent the onset of drug use among abstaining workers, diminish productivity losses and workplace accidents ascribable to substance use, minimize cost increases for employer-paid health care expenses, and decrease drug-related work turnover.
Twelve utilized drug testing and 36 did not. Accident rates were identical, but post-accident testing in 3 facilities was associated with a.2 Zwerling C. Current practice and experience in drug and alcohol testing in the workplace. Bul on Narcotics XLV (2): (1993). Accident rates were identical, but post-accident testing in 3 facilities was associated with a decrease in claims when compared to the pre-testing period, or with facilities only using pre-employment testing.
Workplace drug testing in America is being forced on employers for economic and safety reasons. Drug companies that don't test will go bust. Their insurance premiums will go through the roof. Health and safety will be the driving force at first in the UK. Take doctors: a recent report in the Lancet revealed that 37% of male junior doctors were using cannabis and 14% cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, LSD, ecstasy, magic mushrooms or other substances.
Drug Testing in Workplace
Drug Testing in Workplace. Prevalence of drug testing in the workplace. Drug testing continues to develop as a popular strategy to control substance abuse in the workplace; the incidence of testing is partially based on the type of worksite, characteristics of employees, and policies of the company. Tyler . artwell, Paul . teele, Michael . rench, Nathaniel F. R o d man. A uthors’ affiliations are on page 41. S. ubstance abuse has compelled many . firms to create strategies that would help keep it out of the workplace.
Cornish, C. 1988, Overview of drug use and drug testing, in: Drugs and Alcohol in the Workplace: Testing . 1988, Overview of drug use and drug testing, in: Drugs and Alcohol in the Workplace: Testing and Privacy, pp. 33–50, Callaghan and Company, Wilmette, I. oogle Scholar. Crant, J. and Bateman, T. 1990, An experimental test of the impact of drug-testing programs on potential job applicants’ attitudes and intentions, Journal of Applied Psychology 75:127–131. Decresce, R. Lifshitz, M. Ambre, . Mazura, A. Tilson, J. and Cochran, K. 1989, Drug Testing in the Workplace, American Society of Clinical Pathologists, Chicago, I.